Week 45: Electrifying developing markets

We have been publishing new reports every week for the past four weeks. We hope the reports we gathered for you will help you keep up to date with the Ev industry. We're back this week with the first update for November, and this time around, we've found some fresh content on a variety of subjects, like e-mobility in developing nations and Africa. Additionally, we discovered reports on micromobility and off-road equipment. Finally, we have a tax guide for Europe.
In week 45 we added the following reports:

  • Electrification of heavy-duty vehicles in emerging markets | The ICCT
  • The Drivers of Africa’s Electric Vehicle Future Might Be Different Than You Think | Energy for growth hub
  • The Net Sustainability Impact of Shared Micro mobility in Six Global Cities | Fraunhofer Institute
  • Technology and Market Assessment of Zero-Emission Off-Road Equipment | Calstart
  • The good tax guide | Transport & Environment

The reports are shared and available free of charge in our database.

Heavy-duty vehicle electrification in developing markets

A disproportionate amount of pollutants that threaten human health and destabilise the environment are produced by heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs). The worldwide HDV fleet is anticipated to produce more greenhouse gas emissions by 2025 than the fleet of light-duty vehicles. The potential to greatly lessen the effects of climate change and air quality, notably in emerging markets and developing economies, is offered by zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) technologies for HDVs, including battery electric cars and fuel-cell electric vehicles (EMDEs).

The objectives of this paper are to assess the status of zero-emission HDV deployment and policies in EMDEs, evaluate the major policy levers for HDV electrification, and identify policy barriers and key recommendations for HDV electrification in the EMDEs.

Electrification of heavy-duty vehicles in emerging markets | The ICCT

Bar chart showing the battery electric bus stock from 2017 to 2021 (estimated) across various countries: Chile, Colombia, Kazakhstan, Brazil, Thailand, and 18 other countries. Bars grow significantly each year, with the highest in 2021, exceeding 3,500 units.
Source: Electrification of heavy-duty vehicles in emerging markets | The ICCT

 

Future Electric Vehicle Drivers in Africa May Not Be What You Expect

While EV adoption is rising in many developed countries, it is still in its infancy in Africa, and it is unclear how to extend deployment there. However, several nations have declared non-binding vehicle electrification objectives and adoption incentives, including South Africa, Zimbabwe, Rwanda, Egypt, and Kenya, which currently have expanding EV fleets.

This article shows that the drivers and potential challenges of widespread EV adoption within the African continent will differ from country to country. Therefore, the policies, timing, and approach to EV adoption must be tailored to each country’s unique strengths and challenges.

The Drivers of Africa’s Electric Vehicle Future Might Be Different Than You Think | Energy for growth hub

Source: The Drivers of Africa’s Electric Vehicle Future Might Be Different Than You Think | Energy for growth hub

 

Shared micromobility’s overall sustainability effects across Six Global Cities

Shared micromobility, or shared e-scooters and e-bikes, has grown in popularity, especially among urban commuters. While past research has mostly been on who uses these and for what purposes, the conversation regarding the effects of consumption, such as the impact on emissions in the transportation sector, has only begun.

This study aims to present a snapshot of case studies in multiple cities around the globe, spanning both shared e-bikes and e-scooters, representing the current knowledge about the industry’s emission effects.

The Net Sustainability Impact of Shared Micro mobility in Six Global Cities | Fraunhofer Institute

Bar chart comparing greenhouse gas emissions (g CO2e per passenger kilometer) of various transportation modes. Private car (ICE) and taxi/ride-hailing have the highest emissions, while private bike and Lime Gen 4 e-scooter have the lowest. Error bars indicate estimation uncertainties.
Source: The Net Sustainability Impact of Shared Micro mobility in Six Global Cities | Fraunhofer Institute

 

Electrifying off-road machinery

On-road cars were an early adopter of zero-emission technology, and they are paving the way for off-road machinery by creating the necessary technologies. Overall, the electrification of off-road equipment is moving along quickly, with 217 models being made available across eight different off-road categories.

This research offers a thorough analysis of the technology state and commercial viability of zero-emission off-road machinery. In order to more quickly electrify this equipment to fulfil climate and air quality goals, it comprises in-depth evaluations of several off-road markets, analysing their technological capabilities and recommending possibilities for continued market development.

Technology and Market Assessment of Zero-Emission Off-Road Equipment | Calstart

A line graph showing the projected penetration rates of seven types of construction equipment from 2019 to 2029. The types are MiniEx, SmallEx, MediumEx, LargeEx, Wheel Loaders, Backhoe Loaders, and Skid Steer/CTL. MiniEx has the highest projected growth.
Source: Technology and Market Assessment of Zero-Emission Off-Road Equipment | Calstart

 

Evaluating the various automobile taxation structures in Europe.

It is possible to compare the total tax burden between nations by figuring out the various taxes that are assessed on the same vehicle in each nation. The wide variation in tax burdens is notable. Over 10 years of private ownership, the tax burden on a modest petrol automobile ranges from €1,500 in Bulgaria to €17,000 in Denmark. The price range is from €2,800 to €51,400 for a small petrol SUV.

This study is the first to examine vehicle taxation policies directly across European nations. The comparisons include seven taxes kinds, 31 nations, and two methods of registration (private and corporate).

The good tax guide | Transport & Environment

A bar chart titled "Leaders and laggards for the tax incentivisation of private zero-emission vehicles" compares the tax burden of small petrol vehicles (dark blue) to small BEVs (light blue) in various European countries. An orange line shows the net difference in tax burden.
Source: The good tax guide | Transport & Environment

 

We hope these reports will lead you to new insights. If you have any suggestions feel free to provide feedback or upload your report.

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