Week 8: Increasing demand for lithium

We uploaded 5 new reports to the report database. These reports examine the current market and industry dynamics for lithium, the availability of zero emission vehicles in Canada, the effects of autonomous vehicles on transport planning, the development of EV charging infrastructure in China, and the use of DC-fast chargers and BESS for electric vehicles.
In week 8 we added the following reports:

  • Charging forward as the lithium boom gathers pace | Power Metal Resources
  • Zero Emission Vehicle Availability | Dunsky
  • Autonomous Vehicle Implementation Predictions Implications for Transport Planning | Victoria Transport Policy Institute
  • A statistical view of public charging infrastructure for electric vehicles in China through 2021 | The ICCT
  • A Review of DC Fast Chargers with BESS for Electric Vehicles | MDPI

The reports are shared and available free of charge in our database.

Increasing Demand for Lithium: A Closer Look at the Electric Vehicle Industry

The current lithium market is mainly driven by the use of lithium-ion batteries in electronic devices, which is a positive sign for future growth. This is due to the fact that there is no indication that the world’s population and wealth will decrease in the near future. In addition, a new and complementary market for lithium-ion batteries has emerged, which is expected to significantly boost demand for the metal as it matures. This new industry is, of course, the electric vehicle sector.

This report from Power Metal Resources examines the increasing demand for lithium, a key component for batteries used in electric vehicles, and explores the potential of the lithium industry. It provides an overview of the current market and industry dynamics, as well as an analysis of the key players and exploration projects. The report also provides a glimpse into the future of the market, considering the potential growth opportunities and challenges.

Charging forward as the lithium boom gathers pace | Power Metal Resources

A donut chart titled "Global lithium end-uses" shows the following data: Batteries (65%), Ceramics and special Glass (18%), Greases and Lubricants (5%), Air Conditioning (5%), CC powders (3%), Polymer Production (3%), and Others (1%). Source: www.researchgate.net.
Source: Charging forward as the lithium boom gathers pace | Power Metal Resources

 

Availability of Zero Emission Vehicles in Canada

Inventory remains unequally distributed among provinces and automakers. Vehicle inventory is primarily concentrated in British Columbia, Quebec, and to a lesser extent, Ontario, leaving other provinces with fewer consumer options For the first time since 2018, British Columbia has the highest number of ZEVs per 100,000 people (10 ZEVs), surpassing Quebec (8 ZEVs) which has historically held the lead in this metric. Availability in other provinces is still significantly lower than that of the two leading provinces.

This report provides a summary of the availability of Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEVs) in automotive dealerships across Canada as of March 2022. This is the latest report in a series of assessments conducted periodically since 2018, which have estimated the inventory levels of ZEVs in Canada.

Zero Emission Vehicle Availability | Dunsky

A bar chart titled "Figure ES-2. ZEVs Available for Purchase per 100,000 People, by Province" shows data for Dec 2018, Mar 2019, Nov 2019, Feb 2020, Nov 2020, Mar 2021, and Mar 2022 across provinces BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL, and PE.
Source: Zero Emission Vehicle Availability | Dunsky

 

Effects of Autonomous Vehicles on Transport Planning

It is predicted that by 2030, autonomous vehicles will become sufficiently reliable, affordable and common to replace the majority of human driving, resulting in significant savings and advantages. However, there is good cause for caution. Many optimistic forecasts are made by those with a financial stake in the industry, based on prior experience with disruptive technologies such as digital cameras, smartphones and PCs. These forecasts tend to downplay the challenges to the development of autonomous vehicles and overstate the potential benefits.

This report examines the effects of autonomous vehicles (also referred to as self-driving, driverless or robotic) and their consequences for transport planning. It evaluates the speed of development and deployment of such vehicles, based on prior experience with vehicle technologies; their potential benefits and costs; how they will influence travel activities; and their influence on road, parking and public transit planning.

Autonomous Vehicle Implementation Predictions Implications for Transport Planning | Victoria Transport Policy Institute

A bar chart titled "Cost Comparison" compares the costs per mile of different transportation methods. Human-driven car variable costs and shared AV costs are lowest, while Autonomous Vehicle (AV) taxis and human-operated (HO) taxis are the highest.
Source: Autonomous Vehicle Implementation Predictions Implications for Transport Planning | Victoria Transport Policy Institute

 

Statistical View of Public Charging Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles in China

China distinguishes out as a pioneer in the switch to electric vehicles on a global scale (EVs). Therefore, it is crucial to monitor and assess the developments in China’s vehicle electrification. As a result, numerous data-driven evaluations of the Chinese EV market have been released recently. However, despite the fact that having such infrastructure is a requirement for EVs to succeed in the mainstream market, there are few studies that have objectively examined the growth of EV charging infrastructure in China.

This report provides a statistical view of public charging infrastructure for electric vehicles in China. It covers the number of public chargers in the country, their geographical distribution, and the types of charging infrastructure available. Comparisons are made to other countries, to provide a broader perspective on the infrastructure development in the region. The report also provides an overview of alternative methods and devices used to recharge EVs, such as wireless charging, battery swapping, and overhead catenary charging facilities.

A statistical view of public charging infrastructure for electric vehicles in China through 2021 | The ICCT

A stacked area chart depicting the global public EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) stock by market and technology at the end of 2021. Dominating the chart are China-AC at 29% and China-DC at 27%, followed by Europe-AC (22%), U.S.-AC (9%), and others.
Source: A statistical view of public charging infrastructure for electric vehicles in China through 2021 | The ICCT

 

Utilizing DC-Fast Chargers and BESS for Electric Vehicles

Sales of electric vehicles (EVs) have increased significantly as a result of global marketing of EVs through various incentives. The prolonged charging time, however, continues to be a significant barrier to the widespread use of these vehicles and the overall electrification of transportation networks. DC-fast chargers may cut down on charging time, but they also run the risk of overloading the system and affecting power quality. Using a battery energy storage system (BESS) can help solve this problem by lowering the peak power demand on the grid.

This report aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the use of DC-fast chargers coupled with a BESS for electric vehicles. It looks at industrial charger architectures, topologies, reliability-oriented design methods, prognostic health monitoring techniques, and low-level/system-level control methods. Furthermore, this report also explores strategies to increase lifetime of these systems and different cooling methods for power electronics and stationary/EV batteries.

A Review of DC Fast Chargers with BESS for Electric Vehicles | MDPI

A diagram illustrating a grid-connected DC-Fast EV charger with a local Battery Energy Storage System (BESS). Light blue arrows indicate power flowing from the grid to the EV via the BESS, while an orange arrow shows power from EV to grid once charging is complete.
Source: A Review of DC Fast Chargers with BESS for Electric Vehicles | MDPI

 

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