week 6: battery electric and hybrid vehicle sales in 2022

This week, we added three reports to our database. The reports explore the growing trend of battery electric and hybrid vehicle sales, the safety of second-life batteries in battery energy storage systems, and a non-academic perspective on the future of lithium-based batteries.
In week 6 we added the following reports:

  • Fuel types of new cars: battery electric 12.1%, hybrid 22.6% and petrol 36.4% market share full-year 2022 | ACEA
  • A Study on the Safety of Second-life Batteries in Battery Energy Storage Systems | The Office for Product Safety and Standards
  • A non-academic perspective on the future of lithium-based batteries | Nature Communications

The reports are shared and available free of charge in our database.

Overview of Fuel Types in New Car Market in 2022

The number of new battery electric vehicle (BEV) registrations increased in 2022 despite a general downturn in the EU car market. As a consequence, the market share of BEVs increased to 12.1%, an increase of 3.0 percentage points over 2021. Hybrid vehicles also had a successful year, with a market share of 22.6%. Traditional diesel and petrol fuels, on the other hand, kept losing market share. In all, they still made up more than half of the EU’s auto sales in 2022.

This report provides an overview of the fuel types of new cars in the market for the full-year 2022. Battery electric and hybrid cars had 12.1% and 22.6% market share, respectively, while petrol cars had 36.4% market share. It also provides data for new vehicle registrations per fuel type in the fourth quarter of 2022.

Fuel types of new cars: battery electric 12.1%, hybrid 22.6% and petrol 36.4% market share full-year 2022 | ACEA

A pie chart shows vehicle fuel type market shares: Petrol at 36.4%, Diesel at 16.4%, Hybrid electric (HEV) at 22.6%, Plug-in hybrid (PHEV) at 9.4%, Battery electric (BEV) at 12.1%, Natural gas vehicles (NGV) at 0.2%, and Other at 2.8%.
Source: Fuel types of new cars: battery electric 12.1%, hybrid 22.6% and petrol 36.4% market share full-year 2022 | ACEA

 

Second-Life Batteries and Their Use in Battery Energy Storage Systems

For the energy system to change and become carbon-free, electrical energy storage will be a vital source of flexibility. These systems boost the grid’s flexibility, which is essential for integrating fluctuating renewable power, and enable the storage of energy for periods when it is required. Domestic lithium-ion battery energy storage systems (DLiBESS) are gaining popularity from the consumer’s point of view, especially when installed alongside onsite generation like solar photovoltaic (PV), which enables the consumer to maximise the use of this generation and to buy and sell electricity at advantageous times. Utilizing Demand Side Response in combination with this is especially advantageous (DSR).

This report provides an overview of the market for second-life batteries and considers the risks specific to second-life batteries. It also reviews the hazards of lithium-ion batteries, examines the relevant codes, standards and regulations, and outlines best practices for using second-life batteries in battery energy storage systems. The report also provides a description of gateway testing and other mitigating measures necessary for the safe use of second-life batteries

A Study on the Safety of Second-life Batteries in Battery Energy Storage Systems | The Office for Product Safety and Standards

Figure 3 illustrates the process of reuse, remanufacturing, and repurposing of an EV battery pack. The flowchart includes steps for testing, replacing defective modules, rebalancing, and repacking batteries. It also covers the separation of defective modules for material recovery and repurposing into a LIBESS.
Source: A Study on the Safety of Second-life Batteries in Battery Energy Storage Systems | The Office for Product Safety and Standards

 

A Non-Academic View on Applied Research in Lithium-Based Batteries

It is important to acknowledge lithium-ion batteries as a “technological wonder”. They are the preferred option for many applications from a commercial standpoint, and lead-acid and nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) systems are being replaced by them more and more frequently. They also serve as a shining example of the fruitful outcomes of collaborative academic and industrial research Lithium-ion batteries are intricate, multi-part systems with a lengthy number of creators, significant discoveries, and contributions.

This report provides a non-academic view on applied research in lithium-based batteries, focusing on key metrics and challenges to be considered when developing new technologies in this industry. It examines the need to consider various performance aspects, the suitability of supply chains, sustainability of materials, impact on system-level cost, and latest developments in the industry.

A non-academic perspective on the future of lithium-based batteries | Nature Communications

A bar chart showing the price trend of battery packs and cells from 2013 to 2023 in 2021 dollars per kWh. Cells (blue) and packs (orange) prices decrease over time, with forecasted prices (gray) continuing the trend. Prices in 2013: 469 for cells and 215 for packs; in 2023: 100 for cells and 27 for packs.
Source: A non-academic perspective on the future of lithium-based batteries | Nature Communications

 

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