The UK’s strategic expansion in battery manufacturing and recycling

The UK is taking strides in its journey towards becoming a leader in electric vehicle (EV) battery manufacturing and recycling. According to the latest Faraday Insights report, the nation is set to establish a network of cutting-edge facilities to support a sustainable and secure supply chain for EV batteries. This move is expected to enhance the UK’s position in the global battery economy, reduce dependency on imported materials, and mitigate environmental impacts.
Map illustrating the geographic locations of announced UK battery manufacturing and recycling facilities
Source: Faraday Institution

Strategic Importance of Battery Recycling

The rapid adoption of electric vehicles has heightened the demand for critical raw materials such as lithium, cobalt, and nickel. As these materials are essential for manufacturing EV batteries, the need for a robust recycling infrastructure has never been more pressing. Recycling not only ensures the sustainable treatment of used materials but also reduces the environmental footprint and the necessity for mining new materials. The report highlights that by 2040, recycling could supply 39-57% of the UK’s lithium, cobalt, and nickel demand.

Geographic Distribution of Facilities

To address these needs, the UK is strategically positioning new battery manufacturing and recycling facilities across the country. The report identifies key locations for these developments, which are expected to play pivotal roles in the UK’s battery supply chain.

In Coventry, the UK Battery Industrialisation Centre (UKBIC) is at the forefront of battery production, providing a critical link between research and commercial manufacturing. This state-of-the-art facility supports the entire lifecycle of battery development, from initial concept to full-scale production.

Meanwhile, Sunderland hosts AESC, a major player in EV battery manufacturing, focusing on sustainability and innovation. Additionally, a proposed gigafactory in Coventry aims to further boost the region’s battery production capabilities.

On the recycling front, the UK is setting up several pre-treatment and black mass treatment facilities. Sheffield is home to RS Bruce, one of the operational pre-treatment plants, specializing in the initial processing of battery materials. Other key locations include Birmingham, where EMR is actively involved in pre-treatment and recycling services, and several other sites across the country, including facilities by Ecobat, Veolia, and Recyclus.

Economic and Environmental Impact

The establishment of these facilities is anticipated to have a substantial economic impact, creating jobs and fostering innovation within the UK. Furthermore, by localizing the battery recycling process, the UK can significantly reduce transportation costs and associated carbon emissions. The report emphasizes that a decentralized recycling model, with facilities located near major manufacturing hubs, would be most beneficial, both economically and environmentally.

Future Prospects

Looking ahead, the Faraday Insights report suggests that by the mid-2030s, the volume of end-of-life batteries available for recycling will increase sharply, primarily driven by the early adoption of EVs in the 2020s. This presents a significant opportunity for the UK to capitalize on its investments in battery recycling infrastructure.

The UK Government’s support, through initiatives such as the Critical Minerals Strategy and substantial funding for research and development projects like the ReLiB and RECOVAS, underscores the nation’s commitment to becoming a leader in this field. These efforts are crucial in ensuring that the UK can meet future demand for critical materials and maintain a competitive edge in the global market.


The development of a robust battery manufacturing and recycling infrastructure is a critical step towards securing the UK’s position in the global EV market. By strategically locating these facilities and investing in advanced recycling technologies, the UK is poised to not only meet its own needs but also become a key player in the international battery economy. The initiatives outlined in the Faraday Insights report highlight the importance of this sector in achieving a sustainable and resilient future for the UK’s automotive industry.

Source: Faraday institution

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