Technical note on critical minerals

This report provides a comprehensive overview of the trade dynamics of critical minerals and their processed products, focusing on their role in the production of rechargeable lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles (EVs). It delves into the importance of minerals like lithium, cobalt, and graphite, which are crucial for clean energy technologies and are predominantly found in developing countries. The document assesses trade flows using bilateral data, Sankey diagrams, and a range of other methods to illustrate the critical stages in the supply chain of these minerals.

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