Post-consumer management of End-of-Life EV Batteries

This paper focuses on the post-consumer management of end-of-life (EoL) electric vehicle (EV) batteries, primarily concerning the management of these batteries once they are no longer usable in vehicles. It covers the risks and impacts of the electrification of road transportation on human health and the environment, the life cycle of EV batteries, and the importance of managing their end-of-life phase. The paper’s scope encompasses the development of supply chains for EV batteries, including mineral resources, and the management of EoL EV batteries.

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