How Europe can use tariffs as part of an industrial strategy

This paper examines the dynamics of electric vehicle (EV) imports into Europe, particularly from China, in the context of Europe's industrial and trade policy. It discusses the growth of battery electric vehicle (BEV) sales in Europe, the competitive edge of China in battery technology, and the implications of increasing EV imports from China for Europe's decarbonisation goals, economic interests, and the local automotive industry. The paper also explores potential policy responses, including the imposition of tariffs on imported EVs and batteries, to foster a local EV supply chain and secure economic and strategic interests.

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