Economic analysis of retired batteries applied to the grid

This paper delves into the economic analysis of lithium-ion batteries that have been retired from electric vehicles (EVs) and their potential application for grid energy storage. As the battery cycles of EVs increase and their capacity decays to 80%, they become unsuitable for EV use. This paper explores the secondary use of these batteries, particularly in the context of renewable energy storage like photovoltaic (PV) and wind energy.

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